Oil dispatched at the pumping stations initially pass through a filtering process so that solids contained in the fluid do not affect the different types of equipment it will encounter throughout its journey.
Afterwards, if necessary, the oil is heated through heat exchangers (furnaces) in order to reduce its viscosity.
Finally, the oil is delivered into centrifugal pumps, which provide the necessary energy so the fluid may be delivered to the next pumping station. These centrifugal pumps operate with internal combustion engines that use crude oil as fuel.
- For the main engines and pumps to operate properly, it is necessary to have backup systems that perform various functions:
- Air compressors for all instruments.
- Treated fuel (filtered and heated).
- Water for engine cooling.
- Power generators.
- Oil metering systems.
- Oily water drainage and treatment systems,
- and others.